Monday, May 14, 2018

An Awesome Trip to Hala-Bala Wildllife Sanctuary

Well, I had promised myself that I would make a trip down south and it recently came to fruition. My brother and I had been planning a trip south for a while and, as soon as word got out, a flock of birders jumped onboard. Eventually, five of us made the trip (3 from Khon Kaen and 2 from Bangkok). The group included Mark Hogarth, Brian Blewitt, Peter Ericsson, my brother, Paul and me. At first, I wasn't used to the alien language (it was all babblers, broadbills, hornbills and feathered things). However, even though my camera decided to pack up on the first day (but sprung back into life 24 hours later) and I missed out on a few species that I really wanted to see, it turned out to be the best photography trip I have ever been on and the guys were a brilliant bunch. I even learnt a thing or two about birds and their habits.

Though it was a little early for me in the dragonfly season, there had a be a few special species knocking around down south and it proved to be so.

The crew after a long day.
(left to right: Peter, me (totally knackered), Brian, Mark, Paul and Sum. Photo by someone)

The target location was Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary, Narathiwat. Many people, especially westerners, simply will not head into the bottom three provinces due to the known problems and the newspaper reports regarding the insurgents. However, we went in head first and were made to feel welcome from the very first moment we arrived until getting back on the plane home. At no point did we ever feel threatened, though the million and one checkpoints became a little tiresome after a while. Everyone wanted to meet and greet us and I loved every minute. My only bone of contention was getting beer... being a Muslim area it was difficult but it is most certainly possible if planned.

The busiest international airport in the world ever!



We were picked up at the airport and it was then around two hours to the sanctuary in a cool van, though we stopped off en route for food.


Mixing it with the locals...  great people and some awesome food to boot!

(Photo by Paul Farrell)

Our guide was called Sum Nara Nara (Facebook name) and he was more than helpful. That said, I couldn't just hang around with the guys all day as I would have only got to see birds when I was on a serious dragon hunt. Whenever we split, I had brilliant help from a ranger called Attanai who was more than happy to hunt with me and we used his bike to get around. He even rustled up lunch for me on one occasion which was delicious. 


The place itself is rather unique as it is one of the only surviving decent-sized areas of lowland forest that hasn't been ruined by man. Though the actual Research Station (which is the place to visit, apparently) was incredibly disappointing, especially as the trail was now totally overgrown and you just got the feeling that they didn't really want people taking photos there, the rest of the place was great. Sirindhorn Waterfall, the main river running through the park, and a number of streams at the lower reaches all threw up some very interesting species. To Mo Community Forest (which was superb forest at only 185 m.a.s.l.) also offered a few crackers. At To Mo, you followed a trail that ran along a shallow stream. Though there weren't hundreds of species, it turned out to be a very interesting place. In fact, after a kilometre or so, there was a junction at the river where you could continue to follow it round or go over a concrete bridge. About 50 metres away, there was a couple of posts on the trail that signified the border with Malaysia and it was unmanned. Asking the rangers/locals they said that they often cross into Malaysia for food or whatever and Malaysians do the same. My only disappointment (though nothing major) was the distinct lack of natural ponds. There were a couple of almost ponds but nothing much. If there were some, I am sure that I would have found a lot more.

That said, during my time there, I managed to clock up 14 new species for my records and reeled off plenty of improvement shots of species I hardly see. After the photos, there is a quick checklist of the place.

The dragon team at the end of the hunt... 
(Photo by Peter Ericsson)

Not a bad view from the bungalow at HQ where we stayed for a couple of nights.

Shots of the trip (in no particular order)...

Orthetrum testacea testacea, male. Fairly common at ponds (when I could find one). I had only seen one male once before in Kanchanaburi.
Gomphidia abbotti abbotti, male. Usually very difficult to approach
Indocnemis orang, male. I often see this species but rarely does it move away from foliage so you can get such a creamy background!
Onychothemis culminicola, female. Though I have stumbled upon the male once or twice, the female is seldom seem -- well, the first time for me, anyway.
Aristocypha fenestrella, male. Easily the most common species at the main river.
Orthetrum luzonicum, female. The males were common in certain areas, unlike the females.
Paragomphus capricornis, male. Common at one shallow sandy stream where I also saw Macrogomphus parallelogramma albardae and Megalogomphus sumatranus
A very old Argiocnemis rubescens rubeola, male.
Rhinagrion viridatum, male. I still love this species... this one was basking in glorious sunshine.
Neurothemis fluctuans, female. The males were very common. The females not so.
Lyriothemis cleis, male. When I spotted this little rarity, my camera packed up and I had to borrow my brother's.
I then saw a second Lyriothemis species... a solitary male was spotted right at the time when I didn't have a camera. Lyriothemis biappendiculata, male. 
Mr. and Mrs. Vestalis amoena... locally common...

... and the almost identical Vestalis amethystina, male which was scarce
A bit of a lifer for me as I have always wanted to see it...Cratilla metallica, male. I saw just two males.
Coeliccia albicauda, male. I saw 7-8 males during the trip.
Prodasineura sp. poss Prodasineura humeralis????, male. Fairly common at sandy-bottomed streams
Zygonyx ida... I only saw this one male but it's a cracker of a species!
Mr. and Mrs. Devadatta argyoides. A very difficult-to-spot species. This pair preferred a trickle to a stream.


 The super majestic Dysphaea dimidiata dimidiata, male. In small numbers but I was so happy to see him!
 The first 'new' species I saw on the trip, Tyriobapta torrida -- a great little male. I saw two males.

The stunning Megalogomphus sumatranus, male. One record shot, gone. Super skittish and flew miles away.
 Mr. and Mrs. Prodasineura collaris. I have now seen all the known Thai species from the genus.


 The very long-named Macrogomphus parallelogramma albardae, male. I managed to spot 3-4 males and most were fairly easy to approach.

Some other things... 
No idea what species, but they were seriously loud!
The Bushy-crested Hornbill eating a bug. This was tame at the research centre. ID by Paul Farrell.
The Rhinoceros Hornbill... an amazing spectacle. ID by Paul Farrell.
 This massive moth is either the Thai Tasar Silkworm Moth Antheraea frithi pedunculata or Antheraea roylei. Many thanks to Pisuth Ek-Amnuay for the ID.
Papilio nephelus sunatus, the southern form. ID by Antonio Guidici.
 Biggest millipede in the world ever? This one was at least 12 inches (I have big chunky hands that span 7 inches (longest fingertip to the base of the palm).
Am awesome leaf insect next to my bed. Any ideas?


Quick Checklist of the Hala-Bala WS (inc. several streams and To Mo Community Forest):

The new species for my records included are highlighted in blue


Amphipterygidae
Devadatta argyoides

Calopterygidae
Neurobasis chinensis
Vestalis amethystina
Vestalis amoena

Coenagrionidae
Aciagrion pallidum
Agriocnemis pygmaea
Argiocnemis rubescens rubeola
Ischnura senegalensis
Pseudagrion australasiae

Chlorocyphidae
Aristocypha fenestrella
Heliocypha biforata
Heliocypha perforata limbata
Libellago lineata

Euphaeidae
Dysphaea dimidiata dimidiata
Euphaea ochracea

Megapodagrionidae
Rhinagrion viridatum

Platycnemididae
Coeliccia albicauda
Copera marginipes
Copera vittata
Indocnemis orang

Protoneuridae
Prodasineura collaris
Prodasineura sp. [Prodasineura humeralis??]

Gomphidae
Gomphidia abbotti abbotti
Ictinogomphus decoratus melaenops
Macrogomphus parallelogramma albardae
Megalogomphus sumatranus
Paragomphus capricornis

Libellulidae
Acisoma panorpoides
Aethriamanta gracilis
Brachydiplax chalybea chalybea 
Brachydiplax farinosa
Brachythemis contaminata
Cratilla lineata calverti
Cratilla metallica
Crocothemis servilia servilia
Diplacodes trivialis 
Lathrecista asiatica asiatica
Lyriothemis biappendiculata
Lyriothemis cleis 
Neurothemis fluctuans
Onychothemis culminicola
Onychothemis testacea testacea
Orthetrum chrysis
Orthetrum glaucum
Orthetrum luzonicum
Orthetrum sabina sabina
Orthetrum testacea testacea
Pantala flavescens
Rhyothemis triangularis
Rhyothemis variegata variegata
Tetrathemis platyptera
Tholymis tillarga
Trithemis aurora
Trithemis festiva
Tyriobapta torrida
Zygonyx ida
Zygonyx iris malayana


57 species were recorded, which isn't bad considering I was doing this alone and it is April... I expect there to be many, many more goodies to be found. Watch this space!

207. Macrogomphus parallelogramma albardae Selys, 1878

Number: 207
Family: Gomphidae
Genus: Macrogomphus
Species: Macrogomphus parallelogramma albardae
Common name(s): N/A
Synonym(s): N/A 
Habitat: Lowland forested stream (shallow and sandy-bottomed)
Province(s) sighted: Below Hala below-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat) 
Sightings (by me): 3-4 males
In flight (that I have seen): April    
Species easily confused with: Macrogomphus matsukii

My last 'new species' for my records from Narathiwat is a beauty. At a shallow and sandy-bottomed stream I instantly noticed a fairly large Gomphid. As I closed in, I knew it was a Macrgomphus species but it flew away before I got decent shots of it. I continued wading through the stream and noticed at least 2 other males. Both of these were far easier to approach and I managed to snap away, though one was clinging on to grass which made photography difficult. I also managed to get fairly decent shots of the appendages and, therefore, was able to get a solid ID when I returned back to base. It turns out to be Macrogomphus parallelogramma albardae a species that is known from the south of Thailand. I was really happy to see it and it is the second I have managed to find in the genus. Sadly, the female escaped my lens... until next time!

The male.



The Appendages.
The easiest way to separate most Gomphids! Always get close-ups if you can.


206. Prodasineura collaris (Selys, 1860)

Number: 206
Family: Protoneuridae 
Genus: Prodasineura
Species: Prodasineura collaris
Common name(s): Collared Threadtail
Synonym(s): Alloneura collaris Selys, 1860, Alloneura dohrni Krüger, 1898
Habitat: Seepage/overflow from the road that became a tiny stream
Province(s) sighted: Hala below-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat) 
Sightings (by me): 1 male, 1 female 
In flight (that I have seen): April    
Species easily confused with: Prodasineura doisuthepensis

Though beautiful little damsels, Prodasineura species are difficult to get good photos of as they tend to hang around the edges of streams and very low down. It was no different when I saw a male Prodasineura collaris. As light was fading fast, I managed to spot a male on my first day deep down perched over a tiny trickle. However, with the light almost gone so too did my chances of getting anything worthy of a good photo.

Two days later, I returned to the same spot and there was a female Prodasineura species on a stick just above a collection of leaves over seepage almost in the exact same place as the male. It was clearly a female P. collaris and she was fairly happy to let me snap away. Content with my shot of the female, I decided to go after the male once more. I pushed my way through bushes and dropped down about 5-6 feet to where there was a little bit more seepage/trickle and there he was. This time I managed to get a few fairly decent photos, especially as he was in such an awkward place. 

The male.
It is easy to ID this species and I am pretty sure it gets its name from the distinct blue band across its collar (see close-up)!


The female.
The female is like most other females in the genus but it has a blueish tinge to it and fortunately for ID purposes, it was the only species in the area.


Sunday, May 13, 2018

205. Megalogomphus sumatranus (Krüger, 1899)

Number: 205
Family: Gomphidae
Genus: Megalogomphus
Species: Megalogomphus sumatranus
Common name(s): N/A
Synonym(s): Heterogomphus sumatranus Krüger, 1899; Heterogomphus unicolor, Martin, 1902
Habitat: Lowland exposed and sandy-bottomed forest stream
Province(s) sighted: Small sandy stream , Hala below-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat) 
Sightings (by me): 1 male (fleeting glimpse)
In flight (that I have seen): April    
Species easily confused with: Megalogomphus icterops

 This species was a complete surprise... Wading through a shallow and sandy stream at the lower reaches of Hala-Bala, I came across a large green dragon basking in the late afternoon sunshine. I edged forward but armed with only a 180mm macro lens, I wasn't that confident I would get in a shot. However, before it literally flew very, very far away, I managed to get away one record shot good enough for an ID. It turns out to be Megalogomphus sumatranus (confirmed by Noppadon Makbun) which is known from the south of Thailand. Maybe not the best shot in the world, but sooooo happy to see such a beauty. I tried for a few hours to find again but to no avail. 

The male
Quite simply, this is one of the largest and most beautiful species I have ever seen!

204. Vestalis amethystina Lieftinck, 1965

Number: 204
Family: Calopterygidae
Genus: Vestalis
Species: Vestalis amethystina
Common name(s): Common Demoiselle
Synonym(s): N/A
Habitat: Fairly large exposed shallow river (but hidden in the foliage)
Province(s) sighted: Trail at the Research Centre, Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat) 
Sightings (by me): Two males
In flight (that I have seen): April    
Species easily confused with: Vestalis anneVestalis gracilis gracilis; Vestalis amoena

Another Vestalis species I managed to spot was Vestais amethystina. However, unlike V. amoena where, if you found one, you found several, this species was in seriously low numbers. Maybe it was the wrong time of the year or they were just out of sight that day. I did manage to spot two males along a short and manicured trail that runs near the river at the research centre. Looking through bins I could clearly make out the 'V' nick in the appendages but my shots of the appendages are not so clear. I also found this species to be far more skittish and it took an age to get the shots I got... so I am happy for now. I can find this species in Kanchanburi down, so I should see him again someday -- and I really hope to spot the female too as she eluded me this time round.

The Male
The male is exactly the same as V. amoena and can only be separated by its appendages. However, I wonder if they like slightly different habitats?
The second male...

 The Appendages... you can just about make out the 'V' nick in the superior appendages (if you look carefully enough).

Sadly, I didn't get to see the female this time...